Saturday, March 25, 2023

The X-Files: "Home"

It seems quite likely that The X-Files was the most popular science fiction series of the Nineties. What is more, it still maintains a huge following world-wide.  For those unfamiliar with the show, The X-Files stars David Duchovny and Gillian Anderson as FBI agents Fox Mulder and Dana Scully, who are assigned to investigate the "X-files," unsolved cases that cannot be easily explained and often involve the paranormal. Fans of The X-Files generally come in two types. There are those fans who prefer the show's "mythology episodes," episodes which deal with a continuing storyline on The X-Files involving a government conspiracy to conceal the existence of extraterrestrial life. And then there are those fans who prefer The X-Files' "monster of the week" episodes, self-contained episodes that focus on non-reoccurring monsters, paranormal phenomena, or villains. I always fell into the latter category of "monster of the week" fan, not particularly caring for the mythology episodes. Picking a favourite monster of the week episode is difficult for me as there are so many great ones. That said, the most frightening episode of The X-Files for me may well be "Home."

"Home" is the second episode of the fourth episode of The X-Files, and debuted on October 11 1996 on Fox. "Home" takes place in the fictional, small Pennsylvania town of the same name. Mulder and Scully are sent to the small town after a group of kids playing baseball discover the corpse of a severely deformed infant. A conversation with the local sheriff, Andy Taylor (Tucker Smallwood) leads them to the Peacock brothers, who can best be described as mutant hillbillies living well off the grid. There's much more to the episode than that, but the less one knows going into "Home" the better.

"Home" marked the triumphant return of writers Glen Morgan and James Wong to The X-Files. Messrs. Morgan and Wong had worked on The X-Files during its first three seasons before departing to produce their own television show Space: Above and Beyond. After Space: Above and Beyond had been cancelled, they returned to The X-Files. For their first script following their return to the show, they decided to write something that would not only be ambitious, but that would push the envelope for what was allowed on television at the time.

Inspiration for "Home" came from diverse sources. One was the 1992 documentary Brother's Keeper, which dealt with an alleged murder that occurred in a small farming community near Utica, New York and the Ward brothers, four brothers who lived on a dilapidated farm that had been passed down through their family for generations. Another bit of inspiration came from My Autobiography by Charlie Chaplin, in which he told how he stayed in a miner's tenement home in Wales and was introduced to a legless man who slept in the kitchen cupboard. Two well known movies also served as inspiration for "Home": The Texas Chaninsaw Massacre (1974) and The Hills Have Eyes (1977). Yet another source of inspiration came from, of all things, The Andy Griffith Show. Not only is Home, Pennsylvania's sheriff named "Andy Taylor," but the show contains references to Mayberry, the setting of The Andy Griffith Show and Mayberry R.F.D.

"Home" proved controversial before it even began filming. The producers of The X-Files worried that with "Home" the show may have gone too far. Tucker Smallwood, who played Sheriff Andy Taylor, was genuinely shocked by the episode's violence. The episode's director, Kim Manners, wanted to use Johnny Mathis's song "Wonderful Wonderful" in the episode, but Mr. Mathis was so appalled after reading the script that he refused to let them use the song. Fortunately, they found a Johnny Mathis soundalike who recorded a cover version for the episode. Kim Manners was the one fan of the script. The director called it "as classic a horror script I'm ever going to see."

"Home" was shot in Surrey, British Columbia, which is hardly a small town, having a population of over 500,000. Fortunately, Surrey has several buildings of the type often seen in small American (and Canadian, for that matter) towns and they were able to shoot the episode at different angles to give the illusion of a town no bigger than, well, Mayberry, North Carolina.

The Fox Network was obviously concerned about "Home." It was the only X-Files episode to carry a TV-MA rating upon its first broadcast. It was also the first X-Files episode to ever bear a viewer discretion warning because of its violent content. While "Home" received positive reviews from critics and did very well in the Nielsen ratings, it would be the only episode of The X-Files that Fox never reran. "Home" would not be seen again until FX began showing repeats of The X-Files in 1997.

In many ways it is understandable why "Home" is considered the scariest episode of The X-Files. Its opening scene, in which the Peacock brothers bury the aforementioned deformed baby, is particularly horrifying, Later in the episode there is a good deal of violence that was unusual for most episodes of the series. Even so, The X-Files had featured episodes that were violent both before and after "Home." What makes "Home" more disturbing than other X-Files episodes is that it might well hit a little too close to, well, home for many. "Home" does not deal with the paranormal or supernatural. The Peacocks are not the products of radiation nor government experiments, nor are they aliens or demons. Instead they are the products of both a highly dysfunctional family and, quite apparently, inbreeding.Unlike the flukeman of "The Host" or Tooms in "Squeeze," the Peacocks could actually exist.

Beyond the fact that the Peacocks could actually exist, "Home" is made all the more disturbing in that it takes aim at traditional American family values. The Peacocks are a nuclear family devoted to their familial traditions and what they view as their family honour. At the same time they are violent, backward, and hostile to outsiders, so much so that their behaviour would be considered dysfunctional by any decent human being. The Peacocks stand in contrast to the small town of Home, with its congenial Sheriff Taylor and the local kids who play baseball there. Although both are products of rural America, Home is the opposite of the Peacock brothers. Home welcomes outsiders and embraces traditional American family values in ways the Peacocks could not conceive. To make a television comparison, the Peacocks are a much more violent, even more dysfunctional Twin Peaks, while Home is Mayberry.

Speaking of Mayberry, one of the things that might make "Home" all the more terrifying is that it references the archetypal small town, Mayberry from The Andy Griffith Show and Mayberry R.F.D. Its sheriff is named Andy Taylor and his deputy is even named Barney (although his last name is Paster rather than Fife). "Home" is also one of the few times a popular song was used in an episode. What is more, "Wonderful Wonderful" is used in a scene whose ultraviolence contrasts with the upbeat nature of the song. Yet another pop culture reference may be the name of the Peacock family themselves. Although I cannot verify it, there are those who claim that the name "Peacock" was chosen as a slight against rival network NBC, with whom Fox has been engaged in a feud for some time.

I won't say that "Home" is the best episode of The X-Files. I won't even say it is my absolute favourite, as I never can make up my mind with regards to which episode of The X-Files I like best. That having been said, I can say it is the episode that frightened me the most. It scared me when it first aired and, even today, after repeated viewings it still disturbs me. I have to agree with director Kim Manners, it's as classic a horror episode as anyone is going to see.

Friday, March 24, 2023

The 9th Annual Favourite TV Show Episode Blogathon is Here

The 9th Annual Favourite TV Show Episode Blogathon is here. This blogathon is a bit bittersweet for me, as it is the first one in which my pal Patricia Nolan-Hall, known to her friends as Paddy Lee, will not be taking part. Paddy was known for her blog Caftan Woman and took part in every single Favourite TV Show Episode Blogathon. Sadly, she died on March 7 of last year. Regardless, I have been looking forward to this year's blogathon and I am eager to read everyone's entries.

For those of you who are participating in the blogathon, I ask that you link to this page. I will be updating this page with links to the various blog posts that are part of this blogathon throughout the weekend. If you want a graphic for your post, I have several on the announcement page here.

Without further ado, here are this year's posts.

By Rich Watson: "Casey Kasem’s Vocal Talents Helped Make Scooby-Doo a Star of Saturday Morning"

Realweedgiemidget Reviews: "TV… Falcon Crest (1981-90), In His Father’s House, Se 1 Ep 1"

Hamlette's Soliloquy: "'Inmate 78' (The Magnificent Seven, Season 1, Ep8)(1998)"

Make Mine Film Noir: "Moonlighting: 'The Dream Sequence Always Rings Twice' Episode (October 15, 1985)"

Taking Up Room: "A Tale of Sentinels and Fire"

Films From Beyond the Time Barrier: "William Shatner's Early Exploration of the Unknown: 'The Grim Reaper'"

The Flapper Dame: "Full House: Dr. Dare Rides Again"

Smoke in the Library: "Favorite TV Show Episode Blogathon: I Spy: 'Home to Judgement'"

Mike's Movie Room: "Naked City: "A Case Study of Two Savages (First Broadcast on February 7, 1962)"

Dubsism: "Sports Analogies Hidden In Classic Movies – Volume 142: The Rockford Files – 'Heartaches of a Fool'"

Whimsically Classic "TV Show Episode Blogathon- The Golden Girls, “\'Grab That Dough'”

Liberal England: "Softly, Softly: Task Force and the history of police on television"

Watching Forever: "Why the scary ‘Little Girl Lost’ from The Twilight Zone remains a favorite TV episode"

The Stop Button: The Flash (1990)
Box Office Poisons: A Classic Movies Blog:
"Don't Just Stand There, Do Something!' - That Girl (Favourite TV Show Episode Blogathon)"

A Shroud of Thoughts
: "The X-Files: 'Home'"

Silver Scenes: "The Saint: 'The Miracle Tea Party'"

Cinematic Scribblings: "The Avengers: 'The Hour That Never Was' (1965)"

18 Cinema Lane: "Sally Watches…Touched by an Angel (The Trilogy)!"

Thursday, March 23, 2023

Turner Classics Movies Celebrates Warner Bros.' 100th Anniversary in April

On April 4 2023 Warner Bros. turns 100 years old. Turner Classic Movies will be celebrating the studio's 100th anniversary for the entire month of April. Every single movie airing during the month was either produced or distributed by Warner Bros. What is more, TCM will not only be showing Warner Bros.' best known feature films, but a wide variety of silent movies, animated shorts, live-action shorts, documentaries, and interstitials.

As part of the celebration, TCM will be showing restorations of 10 films. These films will also be available on HBO Max. Below are the ten films, with the times they are showing (all times are Central).

Monday, April 3 12:15 AM One Way Passage (1932) – a Blu-ray HD Remaster
Monday, April 3 4:45 PM Helen of Troy (1956) – a Blu-ray HD Remaster
Monday, April 3 7:00 PM Safe in Hell (1931) – a Blu-ray HD Remaster introduced by filmmaker Alexander Payne
Friday, April 7, 9:00 PM Storm Warning (1951) – a Blu-ray HD Remaster introduced by Martin Scorsese
Sunday, April 9, 10:15 PM A Lion is in the Streets (1953) – a Blu-ray HD Remaster introduced by Daphne Dentz and Robyn Sklaren from the Warner Bros. Discovery Library
Tuesday, April 11 11:15 PM The Strawberry Blonde (1941) – a Blu-ray HD Remaster introduced by Wes Anderson
Friday, April 14, 7:00PM The Land of the Pharaohs (1955) – a Blu-ray HD Remaster introduced by Martin Scorsese
Monday, April 17, 7:00 PM Rio Bravo (1959) – a 4k restoration introduced by filmmaker Martin Scorsese
Friday, April 21, 9:00 PM Rachel, Rachel (1968) – a Blu-ray HD Remaster introduced by filmmaker and actor Ethan Hawke
Wednesday, April 26, 7:00 PM East of Eden (1955) – a 4k restoration introduced by filmmakers Wes Anderson and Joanna Hogg

The movies during Turner Classic Movies' celebration of Warner Bros.' 100th anniversary are scheduled according to theme. Among the themes are The Early Years; Warner Joins a Gang (Warner Bros. was known for its gangster movies, after all); Produced by Hammer, Distributed by Warner (yes, that's right, we get Hammer films outside of October);  and The Superhero Era Begins (DC Comics has been a sister company of Warner Bros. since 1969) as well as themes centred on Warner Bros.' contract players (Bette Davis, Humphrey Bogart, et. al.). In addition to the classic feature films and short subjects, TCM will be showing original documentaries next month, including Cinema Finds Its Voice (2023) and  Jack L. Warner: The Last Mogul (1993). As might be expected, classic Warner Bros. cartoons are being shown throughout the month. Over all, it looks to be a great month for Warner Bros. fans.

I have to admit that I am disappointed that TCM isn't showing Stand and Deliver (1988) next month. It was produced by American Playhouse, but has been distributed by Warner Bros. since its original release. I am also disappointed that some of Warner Bros.' greatest movies are rather awkwardly scheduled. The Letter (1940) late, late at night (or early, early in the morning, if you prefer)?  King's Row (1940) early Saturday morning? These movies really should be in primetime, in my humble opinion.

Here are my picks of what to watch next month. I am including the classic Warner Bros. cartoons, although TCM did not provide the exact time they will air. All times are Central.

Saturday, April 1:
11:00 AM The Dawn Patrol (1930)
11:30 AM Vitaphone Shorts: "Gus Arnheim and His Cocoanut Grove Orchestra"(1927), "Baby Rose Marie: The Child Wonder" (1929), "Lambchops" (1929)

Sunday, April 2:
12:15 AM The Jazz Singer (1927)
5:30 AM Little Caesar (1931)
1:00 PM High Sierra (1941)
3:00 PM Key Largo (1948)
"Racketeer Rabbit" (1943) following Key Largo
7:00 PM The Public Enemy (1933)
"The Scarlet Pumpernickel" (1950), following The Public Enemy

Monday, April 3:
7:45 AM The Gold Diggers of 1937 (1936)
"Big House Bunny" (1950), before Safe in Hell at 7:00 PM

Tuesday, April 4:
4:15 PM Smart Blonde (1937)
7:00 PM 42nd Street (1933)
9:00 PM Gold Diggers of 1933 (1933)
10:45 PM Footlight Parade (1933)

Wednesday, April 5:
5:00 PM Gold Diggers of 1935 (1935)
7:00 PM The Sea Wolf (1940)

Thursday, April 6:
7:30 AM Our Miss Brooks (1957)
"Rabbit Hood" (1949), right before The Adventures of Robin Hood
7:00 PM The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938)
9:00 PM Life with Father (1947)

Friday, April 7:
1:15 AM The Letter (1940)
1:00 PM The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (1939)
4:30 PM The Charge of the Light Brigade (1936)
"What's Opera, Doc?" (1957), before They Won't Forget (1937)
7:00 PM They Won't Forget (1937)

Saturday, April 8:
7:30 AM King's Row (1940)
3:00 PM The Summer of '42 (1971)
7:00 PM Casablanca (1942)

Sunday, April 9:
8:00 AM Sergeant York (1941)
7:00 PM A Star is Born (1954)

Monday, April 10:
12:15 PM The Curse of Frankenstein (1957)
1:45 PM Frankenstein Must Be Destroyed (1970)
"Hair Raising Hare" (1946), in between Hammer movies
3:30 PM Dracula Has Risen from the Grave (1969)
5:15 PM Taste the Blood of Dracula (1970)
7:00 PM The Treasure of the Sierra Madre (1948)

Tuesday, April 11:
9:15 AM Arsenic and Old Lace (1944)
5:00 PM The Great Lie (1941)
7:00 PM Now, Voyager (1942)
9:15 PM Dark Victory (1939)
11:15 AM The Strawberry Blonde (1941)

Wednesday, April 12:
5:15 AM Nora Prentiss (1947)
10:15 AM They Made Me a Criminal (1939)
7:00 PM White Heat (1951)
9:30 PM Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942)

Thursday, April 13:
1:45 AM The Sea Hawk (1940)
8:45 AM They Drive by Night (1940)
9:15 PM Sergeant Rutledge (1960)

Friday, April 14:
4:30 PM A Face in the Crowd (1957)
9:00 PM Mister Roberts (1955)
11:15 PM Dial M for Murder (1954)

Saturday, April 15:
1:15 AM House of Wax (1954)
4:30 AM Doctor X (1932)
6:00 AM The Mystery of the Wax Museum (1933)
8:00 AM Them! (1954)
10:00 AM The Bad Seed (1956)
2:30 PM What Ever Happened to Baby Jane? (1962)
7:00 PM My Fair Lady (1964)
10:00 PM The Music Man (1962)

Sunday, April 16:
12:00 PM Bullitt (1968)
9:30 PM Cool Hand Luke (1967)
11:45 PM The Wild Bunch (1969)

Monday, April 17:
11:30 AM Ocean's 11 (1960)
4:15 PM Robin and the 17 Hoods (1964)
7:00 PM Rio Bravo (1959)
9:30 PM The Big Sleep (1944)

Tuesday, April 18:
12:00 AM Strangers on a Train (1951)
9:45 AM Two Guys from Milwaukee (1946)
3:00 PM Johnny Belinda (1948)
"The Last Hungry Cat" (1961), right before Stage Fright (1950)
5:00 PM Stage Fright (1950)
"Duck Amuck" (1953), after Stage Fright
7:00 PM Mildred Pierce (1945)
11:00 PM To Have and Have Not (1944)

Wednesday, April 19:
7:00 PM Black Legion (1937)
9:00 PM The Maltese Falcon (1941)
12:00 PM Tab Hunter Confidential (2015)

Thursday, April 20:
"Rabbit Seasoning" (1952), before Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore (1974)
7:00 PM Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore (1974)
9:00 PM Mean Streets (1973)
11:15 PM Full Metal Jacket (1987)

Friday, April 21:
2:30 AM A Clockwork Orange (1971)
7:00 PM Bonnie and Clyde (1967)

Saturday, April 22:
3:00 AM Start the Revolution Without Me (1970)
4:45 AM Captain Blood (1935)
7:00 AM The Adventures of Don Juan (1948)
11 :00 AM The Great Race (1965)
5:00 PM Time After Time (1979)
"What’s Up, Doc? (1950), before All the President's Men (1976)
7:00 PM All the President’s Men (1976)
9:30 PM The Exorcist (1973)

Sunday, April 23:
10:30 AM A Warm December (1973)
"Duck Dodgers in the 24 ½th Century" (1953), before Superman (1980)
7:00 PM Superman (1980)
9:30 PM Batman (1989)

Monday, April 24:

 3:15 PM It’s Alive (1974)
 5:00 PM The Omega Man (1971)
"One Froggy Evening" (1955), right before The Colour Purple (1985)
7:00 PM The Colour Purple (1985)

Tuesday, April 25:
12:00 PM Caged (1950)
2:00 PM Baby Doll (1956)
9:00 PM Calamity Jane (1953)

Wednesday, April 26:
10:45 AM Up Periscope (1959)
7:00 PM East of Eden (1955)
9:15 PM Rebel Without a Cause (1955)
11:15 PM Giant (1956)

Thursday, April 27:
"Feed the Kitty" (1952), before Spencer's Mountain (1963) at 2:30 PM
10:00 PM Unforgiven (1992)

Friday, April 28:
2:30 PM The Song Remains the Same (1976)
5:00 PM Jimi Hendrix (1973)
"Long-Haired Hare" (1940), before Woodstock (1970)
7:00 PM Woodstock: The Director’s Cut (1970)
11:00 PM Super Fly (1972)

Saturday, April 29:
2:30 AM Cleopatra Jones (1973)
7:00 AM The Horn Blows at Midnight (1945)
8:30 AM The Man Who Came to Dinner (1941)
10:30 AM No Time for Sergeants (1958)
12:45 PM Auntie Mame (1958)
2:15 PM What’s Up, Doc? (1972)
5:00 PM The In-Laws (1979)
7:00 PM Local Hero (1983)
9:00 PM Crossing Delaney (1988)

Sunday, April 30:
1:00 PM The Right Stuff (1983)
"Rabbit of Seville" (1950), before Malcolm X (1992)
7:00 PM Malcolm X (1992)

Wednesday, March 22, 2023

Godspeed Lance Reddick

Lance Reddick, who played Cedric Daniels on  The Wire and Charon in the John Wick movies, among many other roles, died on March 17 2023 at at the age of 60.

Lance Reddick was born on June 7 1962 in Baltimore. He attended Friends School of Baltimore and as a teenager attended the Peabody Preparatory Institute, studying music. He studied music at the Eastman School of Music at the University of Rochester in New York and graduated with a Bachelor of Music degree. While in college he began acting with the thought that it could help his musical career. He attended the Yale School of Drama.

Lance Reddick made his television debut in an episode of New York Undercover. He made his film debut in Great Expectations in 1998. In the Nineties he guest starred on such shows as Swift Justice, The Nanny, Hallmark Hall of Fame, The West Wing, and The Corner. It was in 2000 that he began playing Detective John Basil on the HBO television series Oz. He also appeared in the recurring role of Assistant ME Taylor on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit. Lance Reddick appeared in the movies The Siege (1998) and I Dreamed of Africa (2000).

In the Naughts Mr. Reddick began a long run as Cedric Daniels on The Wire. The character went from being a police lieutenant to a police major to a police colonel to deputy commissioner for operations in the course of the series. He also played Matthew Abaddon on Lost and Phillip Broyles on Fringe late in the decade. He guest starred on the shows 100 Centre Street, Law & Order: Criminal Intent, Law & Order, CSI: Miami, Numb3rs, and Svetlana. He appeared in the movies Don't Say a Word (2001), Bridget (2002), Brother to Brother (2004), Dirty Work (2006), Tennessee (2008), The Way of War (2009), and Jonah Hex (2010).

In the Teens Lance Reddick continued to appear as Philip Broyles on Fringe. He played DCI Jeffrey Tetazoo on the TV series Intelligence, Chief Irvin Irving on Bosch, and Christian DeVille on Corporate. He guest starred on the shows It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia, Comedy Bang! Bang!, Wanda Sykes Presents Herlarious, Wilfrid, The Blacklist, Key and Peele, Castle, Mary + Jane, and American Horror Story.He did a good deal of voice work, playing Sam Wilson/The Falcon on the animated series The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, Cutler on Tron: Uprising, Ra's al Ghul on Beware The Batman, Lunaris on DuckTales, and the Captain on Castlevania. He was also a guest voice on Rick and Morty. It was in 2014 that he first played Charon, the concierge of the Continental in John Wick. He reprised in the role in John Wick: Chapter 2 (2017) and John Wick: Chapter 3--Parabellum (2019). He also appeared in the movies Won't Back Down (2012), White House Down (2013), Oldboy (2013), The Guest (2014), Faults (2014), Search Party (2014), Little Woods (2018), Canal Street (2018), The Domestics (2018), Monster Party (2018), Angel Has Fallen (2019), Business Ethics (2019), Faith Ba$ed (2020), and Sylvie's Love (2020).

In the Twenties Lance Reddick continued to appear as Chief Irving on the TV show Bosch. He was a regular on the TV series Resident Evil. He was a regular on the animated series Farzar, Vindicators 2, Paradise PD, and The Legend of Vox Machina. He guest starred on the show Young Sheldon. He will appear as Charon for one last time in John Wick: Chapter 4, set to be released this Friday, March 24 2023.

Lance Reddick also provided voices for a wide variety of video games.

Lance Reddick was gifted with a sonorous voice and his screen presence was palpable. He was also extremely versatile, playing a wide variety of  roles. He played Cedric Daniels on The Wire, the ambitious, but honest police officer with an eye on a career in politics. He was also Johnny Basil, a police officer who went undercover at Oswald State Correctional Facility. In contrast to Cedric Daniels, Johnny Basil eventually succumbed to the dark side. In contrast to both of these roles is Charon, the efficient, faithful, and brave concierge of the Continental in the John Wick movies. On Fringe Lance Reddick not only played Phillip Broyles, but also Phillip Broyles's doppelganger in a parallel universe. During his career he played everything from police officers to military officials to medical doctors. Lance Reddick was an extremely talented actor capable of playing a wide variety of roles. He always gave good performances.

Monday, March 20, 2023

"Spring Break" by Cheap Trick

Today is the first day of spring. It is only one of two times of year, along with fall, when the weather is actually pleasant in Missouri. Winter can be cold, and summer is a hot, muggy hellscape here (definitely my least favourite time of year). In fact, the only reason spring isn't my favourite season is because Halloween is in the fall. Anyway, in celebration of spring, here is one of my favourite songs, "Spring Break" by Cheap Trick from the 1983 movie of the same name.

Saturday, March 18, 2023

The 1970-1971 Television Season: When the Networks Tried to Be "Relevant"

For the 1970-1971 television season, the broadcast networks' key words were "youth," "now," and "relevance." That season CBS, ABC, and, to a lesser degree, NBC debuted several television shows that starred young casts and dealt with topical, social issues, shows such as The Storefront Lawyers, The Young Lawyers, and The Psychiatrist. This certainly was not because the networks wanted to appear "relevant" after years of criticism for airing primarily escapist television. Instead, the networks were hoping that these new shows would attract the key demographic of 18 to 49 year old viewers most valued by Madison Avenue. Despite this, while featuring young casts and dealing with topical issues, most of these shows were designed to have some appeal for the broader television audience in an effort to maximize their ratings.

Despite all the networks' ballyhoo about shows that dealt with topical, social issues, in many respects it was nothing new. Shows that touched upon the issues of the day had aired earlier than the 1970-1971 season. In the Fifties it was not unusual for such anthology shows as Studio One and Playhouse 90 to occasionally deal with various hot topics of the time. The Twilight Zone often addressed various social issues and human nature in general. Debuting in 1961, The Defenders ushered in a small social cycle of socially conscious television shows, and dealt with such topics as the Civil Rights movement, conscientious objectors, and mercy killing. One of its episodes, "The Benefactor," which addressed abortion, was so controversial the show's regular sponsors (Brown & Williamson, Lever Brothers, and Kimberly-Clark) refused to sponsor it. The Defenders was followed by such socially conscious shows as East Side West Side, Channing, Mr. Novak, and For the People. At the same time as these socially conscious shows were airing, the sketch comedy show That Was the Week That Was, based on the British show of the same name, often dealt with the politics of the day.

Even after the socially conscious dramas of the early to mid-Sixties faded away, there were still some shows that would touch upon social issues. From the beginning the Western Bonanza occasionally addressed such issues as racism and mental illness, and this would only increase as the Sixties progressed. Even at the time Star Trek  was known for addressing social issues through the lens of science fiction.  The Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour proved controversial because it insisted on addressing politics and topical issues. Rowan & Martin's Laugh In also addressed politics and topical issues from time to time.

In some respects, then, it should have come as no surprise when a spate of shows dealing with socio-political topics in their episodes debuted in the 1970-1971 season. Indeed, it is likely that such shows as The Young Rebels and The Interns owed their existence to one show: The Mod Squad. The Mod Squad centred on three, young undercover detectives ("one black, one white, one blonde"). The Mod Squad was one of the earliest shows to deal with the counterculture in a serious manner, and it dealt with such issues as abortion, child abuse, domestic violence, racism, and the Vietnam War. It debuted on September 24 1968 on ABC and proved to be a hit. For its first season it ranked 28 in the Nielsen ratings for the year.

The impact of The Mod Squad was felt during the 1969-1970, with shows debuting that dealt with the hot topics of the day. Room 222 was a comedy-drama that debuted on ABC September 17 1969. It was set at the fictional Walt Whitman High School in Los Angeles, and starred Lloyd Haynes as a young history teacher. From time to time Room 222 dealt with such topics as feminism, homophobia, racism, and the Vietnam War. While Room 222 occasionally dealt with topical issues, they were at the core of the short-lived The New People. The show centred on a group of young people stranded on an island meant to for an above-ground nuclear test but never used. The show followed the characters as they attempted to create their own society. Debuting on ABC on September 22 1969, it only lasted until January.

While Room 222 and The New People both debuted on ABC, NBC would also debut a show that dealt with socio-political topics in the 1969-1970 season. Airing on NBC, The Bold One was an umbrella title for four rotating shows. When one of the original shows, The Protectors, was cancelled, it was replaced by a show called The Senator, starring Hal Holbrook as a United States Senator from an unnamed state. Because of its very nature, The Senator often addressed social issues, including air pollution, anti-war protests, and the welfare system. In addition to Room 222, The New People, and The Senator, two medical dramas debuted during the 1969-1970 season that occasionally touched upon social issues, Marcus Welby, M.D. (on ABC) and Medical Center (on CBS).

The first of the shows featuring young casts and dealing with social issues to debut in the 1970-1971 season was Storefront Lawyers. Storefront Lawyers debuted on CBS on September 16 1970. The show starred Robert Foxworth as a young lawyer, David Hansen, who leaves a prestigious law firm to found a non-profit called  Neighborhood Legal Services. Working with him were Deborah Sullivan (Sheila Larken) and Gabriel Kay (David Arkin). A legal student, Robeto Alvarez (A. Martinez) worked as their law clerk. Storefront Lawyers differed from The Mod Squad (and most of the other new, socially conscious shows that season) in that it lacked an older character who acted as a father figure. Set in Century City, Storefront Lawyers dealt with such issues as domestic violence, affirmative action, racism, and illiteracy.

Storefront Lawyers
received mixed reviews, with the majority tending to be negative. Worse yet, the show did not perform particularly well in the ratings. CBS then revamped the show as Men at Law, in which David Hansen returns to his old law firm. It did no better in the ratings, and was cancelled at the end of the season. Curiously, while Storefront Lawyers was meant to appeal to a younger demographic, according to the book Archie Bunker's America: TV in an Era of Change, 1968-1978, its "strongest audience" was "those over fifty."

The second new, socially "relevant" show of the 1970-1971 season also debuted on CBS. The Interns was a medical drama loosely based on the 1962 film The Interns and its 1964 sequel The New Interns, which were in turn based on the novel The Interns by Robert Frede. Despite this, The Interns shared no characters in common with the two movies or the novel, although it was set in the same hospital as the movies, New North Hospital in Los Angeles. While inspired by the movie The Interns, the show owed a good deal to The Mod Squad. Like the young characters on The Mod Squad, the young characters on The Interns reported to a father figure--in the case of The Interns, Dr. Peter Goldstone (Broderick Crawford). Of the five interns on the show, one was a woman, Dr. Lydia Thorpe (Sandra Smith). Another was Black, Cal Barrin (Hal Fredrick). Yet another was married. Dr. Sam Marsh was played by Mike Farrel, now best known for M*A*S*H, while his wife, Bobbe Marsh, was played by Elaine Giftos. The remaining interns were Greg Pettit (Stephen Brooks) and Pooch Hardin (Christopher Stone).

For a show meant to appeal to a young demographic, CBS scheduled the show at a time when it was likely they would not be watching television. It debuted on Friday, September 19 1970 at 7:30 PM Central/6:30 PM Central. It is perhaps for that reason it did not do very well in the ratings. Its first episode ranked 45th out of the 80 shows on the air, and the ratings did not improve from there.  The Interns received largely negative reviews from critics. Jack Gould of The New York Times described it as "one more hospital drama of scant distinction." From descriptions of The Interns, it would appear to be an uncomfortable blend of medical soap opera and social relevance. Not only did episodes deal with racism, abortion, riots, drugs, and mental illness, but one of the doctors was in a serious car accident, another doctor was accused of having an affair with a woman by her husband, another doctor was accused of murder, and most of them appear to have been sued at some point. The Interns would not survive the 1970-1971 season.

The Interns
was immediately followed by the next new show to deal with social issues. Headmaster (also known as The Headmaster) debuted on CBS on September 19 1970 at 8:30 PM. Headmaster was unusual among the socially "relevant" shows to debut in the 1970-1971 season in that its regular cast was all over 30. Headmaster starred Andy Griffith as Andy Thompson, the headmaster of Concord School, a small private school in California. His wife, Margaret (Claudette Nevins), also worked at the school as an English teacher. Jerry Van Dyke was the school's football coach, Jerry Brownell, while Parker Fennelly was the school's custodian, Mr. Purdy. Despite the casting of Andy Griffith and Jerry Van Dyke, Headmaster was not a sitcom, but a comedy drama. Indeed, it was a sharp contrast to The Andy Griffith Show.  Its first episode guest starred Butch Patrick (best known as Eddie Munster on The Munsters) as a student who succumbs to peer pressure to do drugs. Despite starring Andy Griffith, Headmaster dealt with the issues of the day.

If CBS was hoping that Headmaster would be Andy Griffith's triumphant return to television, they would be sorely disappointed. Headmaster was lambasted by the critics. In no less than The New York Times it was referred to as "Modern TV waste." Audiences apparently did not care for Headmaster either. In the beginning, probably on the strength of Andy Griffith alone, its first episode ranked 20th out of the 80 shows on the air for the week. In its second week it dropped all the way to 38th for the week. After that, its ratings got even worse. With it clear that Headmaster was a failure, it was replaced in its timeslot by another show starring Andy Griffith. The New Andy Griffith Show was a more traditional rural comedy much like The Andy Griffith Show.

While CBS's new socially relevant shows did not receive sterling reviews, none of them were met with as hostile a reaction from critics as The Young Rebels. Debuting on ABC on September 20 1970, it may have received the worst reviews of any show debuting that season. The Young Rebels was set during the Revolutionary War and centred around a group of young guerillas known as the Yankee Doodle Society. It starred Richard Ely as Jeremy Larkin, leader of the Yankee Doodle Society; Louis Gossett Jr. as Isak Poole, a former slave turned blacksmith; and Alex Henteloff as Henry Abington, who developed explosives and various devices with which to fight the British. They were often aided by the young he Marquis de Lafayette, played by Philippe Forquet.

Despite being counted among the youthful, socially relevant shows of the time and being an obvious attempt by ABC to appear socially relevant, only the first episode of The Young Rebels acknowledged contemporary social issues (in that case, protests by the youth). Afterwards the show became essentially another family action show, closer in spirit to Daniel Boone than The Mod Squad. Regardless, critics were largely hostile to The Young Rebels at worst and indifferent to it at best. Viewers were not impressed, and The Young Rebels suffered from low ratings. Of course, this might have been the case even if it was a quality show. It was scheduled against extremely popular family shows, Wild Kingdom and the first half of The Wonderful World of Disney on NBC and Lassie on CBS. The Young Rebels ended its run after only 15 episodes.

The Young Lawyers
, debuting the next night, Monday, September 21 1970, fared somewhat better than The Young Rebels. The Young Lawyers was patterned somewhat after The Mod Squad. Its title was also somewhat inaccurate, as its young protagonists were only legal students rather than full-fledged lawyers. The Young Lawyers starred Zalman King as Aaron Silverman, a legal student who opens the Neighborhood Law Office, a centre for legal aid. Joining him was fellow legal student Pat Walters (Judy Pace). They were assisted by lawyer David Barett (Lee J. Cobb). A new character, Chris Blake (Phillip Clark) was introduced to the show at mid-season. In hopes of higher ratings, ABC wanted changes made to The Young Lawyers, including toning down the socially conscious stories and the introduction of a WASP character (Aaron Silverman was Jewish and Pat Waters was Black). The changes did not sit well with writer Stephen Kandel, who named the new WASP character "Christian White," according to fellow writer Harlan Ellison. Stephen Kandel's script would go through several drafts before ABC's censors caught on and insisted the name be changed.

Unlike some of the relevance shows of the 1970-1971 season, The Young Lawyers received somewhat respectable reviews. The critics' general opinion of The Young Lawyers may best be summed up by Rick Du Brow of UPI, who wrote of the series, "..the show, while nothing great, has a rather nice feel to it." Unfortunately, The Young Lawyers would not do well in the ratings, probably because ABC scheduled it in the worst possible time slot. In the Eastern and Central time zones, it aired immediately before Monday Night Football (then in its first season)  at 7:30 PM Eastern/6:30 PM Central. To make matters worse, in the Eastern and Central time zones it faced stiff competition in the form of Gunsmoke on CBS and the first half of Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In on NBC. On the West Coast it aired after Monday Night Football at 8:45 PM Pacific. There it faced Mayberry R.F.D. and The Doris Day Show on CBS and the first part of NBC Monday Night at the Movies on NBC. The end result is that The Young Lawyers did very badly in the ratings. It lasted the entire season, but it would not get a second season.

ABC's next relevance show to debut starred a familiar face to television viewers. Then as now, Vince Edwards was best known as Ben Casey. It was on March 8 1970 that the TV movie Dial Hot Line aired on ABC Movie of the Week. It starred Vince Edwards as social worker David Leopold, who was in charge of a crisis hot line. The TV movie would inspire the series Matt Lincoln, although several changes would be made from the television movie. The character David Leopold was renamed "Matt Lincoln" and he was a psychiatrist rather than a social worker. In addition to the crisis hot line, Dr. Lincoln also operated a free walk-in clinic. In the TV movie David Leopold was assisted by Tag (Chelsea Brown), Jimmy (Felton Perry), and Ann (June Harding). who were retained in the TV series Matt Lincoln as Dr. Lincoln's assistants. On the television series further help came in the form of  Matt Lincoln's father, Dr. Matthew Lincoln, Sr. (Dean Jagger). The series covered such issues as heroin addiction, pollution, and alcoholism, among others.

While Ben Casey had proven to be a smash hit in the Sixties, lightning would not strike twice for Vince Edwards. Matt Lincoln had the misfortune of airing against Family Affair and the first half of The Jim Nabors Hour on CBS and the smash hit of the 1970-1971 season, The Flip Wilson Show, on NBC. It only managed to last half a season, ending its run on January 14 1971. It was replaced by the Western Alias Smith and Jones.

Unlike ABC and CBS, during the 1970-1971 season NBC did not invest heavily in relevance shows. Its only new show during the season to deal with social issues was The Psychiatrist. Even then it did not air the whole season. The Psychiatrist was one of four shows that aired under the umbrella title Four In One. Four in One differed from other umbrella titles, such as The Bold Ones and The NBC Mystery Movie in that its shows were not rotated weekly. Instead, the entire run of a show would be aired over several weeks before going onto the next show. The Psychiatrist was the last of the four shows to air on Four In One. The Psychiatrist starred Roy Thinnes as Dr. James Whitman, a psychiatrist who often used unusual methods to help his patients. Luther Adler played Dr. Bernard Altman, with whom Dr. Whitman worked. During its run of six episodes, The Psychiatrist dealt with such issues as drug addiction, abortion, and racism.

The Psychiatrist received largely positive reactions from critics, but the umbrella title Four In One did not fair particularly well in the ratings. Much of this may have been due to its competition on CBS, the high-rated Hawaii Five-O. The Psychiatrist, along with another show that aired under the umbrella series, San Francisco International Airport, would not see another season. McCloud would join NBC's brand new umbrella title, NBC Mystery Movie, the following season. Night Gallery would be spun off as its own series.

While "relevance" was among the broadcast networks' key words at the start of the 1970-1971 season, by the end of the season every single one of the relevance dramas were cancelled. As television journalist Les Brown remarked in his 1971 book Televi$ion: The Business Behind the Box, "Relevance may have been the shortest program cycle in the history of the medium." While the broadcast networks (particularly CBS and ABC) were wrong about youth-oriented, relevant dramas being the wave of the future, they were right about one thing. Relevance would play a role in television in the Seventies. It was on January 12 1971 that the sitcom All in the Family debuted. The show dealt with such issues as racism, the Vietnam War, antisemitism, homosexuality, feminism, and so on. As a mid-season replacement CBS did not have high expectations for the show, and it initially received ratings low enough to warrant cancellation. Fortunately the show received seven Emmy nominations, which probably saved it from the chopping block. The following season it would become the no. 1 show on the air.  All in the Family would be followed by other socially relevant sitcoms, such as Maude and Good Times. The youth oriented dramas dealing with social issues may have failed, but All in the Family insured relevance would still have a place on American television.

As to why the youth oriented, relevant dramas failed, much of it may have been because many of them were not very good. With a few exceptions (The Young Lawyers, The Psychiatrist) most of the shows did not get good reviews. In most cases the various shows were nothing new, featuring the same old, tired storylines with socially relevant angles grafted onto them. Indeed, most of the shows belonged to all ready established television genres, such as medical dramas (The Interns, Matt Lincoln) and legal dramas (Storefront Lawyers, The Young Lawyers). Even The Young Rebels, set during the Revolutionary War, fit in quite nicely with previous frontier dramas and Westerns. Making matters worse, there was a sameness about many of the shows because they were obviously patterned after The Mod Squad: a small group of young people (at one of who was usually Black and another a woman) with an older father figure to serve as guidance.

Of course, much of the reason the socially relevant dramas of the 1970-1971 failed was also bad scheduling. The vast majority of the shows were placed in the 7:30 PM Eastern/6:30 PM Central time slot, a time when the conventional wisdom is that children have control of the television set. I rather doubt kids in 1970-1971 were much interested in watching Storefront Lawyers or The Interns. This scheduling also somewhat limited the shows in how they dealt with their subject matter. With children possibly watching, there were many topics with which they could not deal in a matter befitting the seriousness of the subject. Even when a show was recognized by critics as being of some quality, such as The Young Lawyers, it was done in by poor scheduling.

While the youth oriented, relevant shows of the 1970-1971 season failed, they would have a lasting impact on television in the Seventies. It wasn't simply sitcoms such as All in the Family and Maude that dealt with social issues. Medical shows such as Marcus Welby, M.D. and Medical Center would continue to do so. Such diverse dramas as The Waltons, Bonanza, Little House on the Prairie, Kojak, and Lou Grant dealt with such topics as racism, drug addiction, feminism, and so on. Since the Seventies various television shows have touched upon social issues from time to time. The youth oriented, socially relevant shows of the 1970-1971 might have been failures in the ratings, but they proved to have a lasting impact after all.

Friday, March 17, 2023

Happy St. Patrick's Day 2023

As many of you know, I don't celebrate St. Patrick's Day as I have absolutely no Irish blood, nor am I a paralegal or engineer. That having been said, I know many people who do and I thought they might appreciate some vintage pinups appropriate to the holiday. Without further ado, here they are....

First up is Angela Greene, who has a calendar to remind her of the date!

Next up is Shirley Patterson, who has a hat befitting the holiday.

Here's Dorothy Malone dressed for the holiday.

Here's Deborah Walley with a shamrock.

Here's Lori Nelson celebrating the holiday a bit more traditionally.

And here's the lovely Olga San Juan sitting on a really big hat!

Happy St. Patrick's Day!

Thursday, March 16, 2023

The Problem with Warner Bros.' 100th Anniversary Video

Warner Bros. may well have been the first studio from the Golden Age of Hollywood of which I was aware. After all, the Warner Bros. shield was prominently featured before all of the classic Warner Bros. cartoons I watched voraciously as a kid. Later I would discover their classic television shows in reruns, from Maverick to 77 Sunset Strip to F Troop. It was only a little bit later that I discovered their classic films, including The Maltese Falcon (1941), Casablanca (1942), Now, Voyager (1942), and Mildred Pierce (1945) on local television stations. Many of my favourite stars were signed to Warner Bros., including Humphrey Bogart, Bette Davis, James Cagney, and Edward G. Robinson. If I had to name my favourite movie studio of all time, it might well be Warner Bros.

It is because of that I have been eagerly awaiting Warner Bros.' 100th anniversary on April 4. It was in December that Warner Bros. dropped a video in tribute to their 100th anniversary. As it turned out, the video was not eagerly embraced by classic film buffs, myself included. The Warner Bros. 100th Anniversary video was shown during this past Sunday's Academy Awards ceremony, where it was once more met with a less than favourable reaction from classic film buffs. The problem? It includes clips from movies that were originally neither produced nor even distributed by Warner Bros.

Indeed, many of the films prominently featured in the video were produced not by Warner Bros., but their archrival MGM. The Wizard of Oz (1939), North by Northwest (1959), 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), Ben-Hur (1959), An American in Paris (1941), and A Christmas Story (1983) were all produced by Metro-Golwyn-Mayer. Gone with the Wind (1939) was produced by Selznick International Pictures in association with MGM. Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory (1971) was produced by Wolper Pictures and distributed by Paramount.

Now all of these films are now owned by Warner Bros. It was in 1986 that Ted Turner bought MGM/UA Entertainment Co. from Kirk Kerokian. He almost immediately sold it back to Mr. Kerokian, but he kept the pre-1986 MGM/UA film and television library. It was with the MGM/UA library and other libraries that Ted Turner formed Turner Entertainment Co. in 1986. It was in 1996 that Turner Entertainment Co. was acquired by Time Warner. The end result of this is that Warner  has control of the pre-MGM library. Quite simply, Warner owns The Wizard of Oz, 2002: A Space Odyssey, and other movies made by Metro-Goldwyn Mayer. As to Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, it was in 1977 that Paramount declined to renew the distribution rights for the film. The rights then defaulted to Quaker Oats Company, who were involved in the production of the film. Quaker Oats Company then sold Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory to Warner Bros.

Movies neither originally produced nor distributed by Warner Bros. being featured in the 100th Anniversary video would not be so bad if it were not for the fact that many prominent classic films that were produced and distributed by Warner Bros. are nowhere to be seen in the video. Such Warner Bros. classics as Little Caesar (1931), Stella Dallas (1937), The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938), The Man Who Came to Dinner (1942), Kings Row (1942), Now, Voyager (1942), Arsenic and Old Lace (1944),
and Christmas in Connecticut (1944), among others, are nowhere to be seen.

Of course, in omitting many of Warner Bros.' classic films from the video, they also omitted almost all of their classic stars. Humphrey Bogart is the only one featured prominently in the video. Absent from the video are Bette Davis, James Cagney, Edward G. Robinson, Errol Flynn, Mary Astor, Joan Fontaine, and many others. Going by the video, Warner Bros. would apparently have you believe that George Clooney is more important to film history than Bette Davis.

Warner Bros. not only gave short shrift to their contract players from the Golden Age of Hollywood, but even the classic cartoon characters for which they may be best known. There is only one clip from a classic Warner Bros. cartoon and another from Space Jam (1996). Given that the classic Warner Bros. cartoons is how many of us were introduced to the studio, one would think they would have included several clips from the classic cartoons. One would think they would not only highlight Bugs Bunny, but Daffy Duck, Elmer Fudd, Porky Pig, and maybe a few other of their classic cartoon characters.

As if omitting many of Warner Bros.' classic feature films and animated shorts in favour of movies produced by other studios wasn't bad enough, Warner Bros. also largely ignored its classic television shows. The classic Wonder Woman, starring Lynda Carter, is the oldest Warner Bros. show featured in the video. Missing are such classics as Maverick, 77 Sunset Strip, F Troop, The F.B.I., The Streets of San Francisco, and Kung Fu. While I appreciate that clips from ER found their way into the video, Warner Bros. effectively ignored three decades worth of television shows. Indeed, watching the video one would think Friends was Warner Bros.' greatest contribution to TV. history I hate to inform Warner Bros., but I think people will still be watching Maverick long after Friends has been forgotten.

Now I do appreciate that Warner Bros. highlighted the contribution that DC Comics has made to the company (DC Comics was bought by Kinney National Company in 1967, who then bought Warner Bros.-Seven Arts in 1969). I also appreciate that they featured a clip from Stand and Deliver (1988--although produced by American Playhouse, it was distributed by Warner Bros.). I do think that Warner Bros. genuinely meant for the video to be a celebration of the studio's history. The problem is that in some ways it plays more like a celebration of MGM's history.

As a fan of Warner Bros. since childhood, what I wanted to see in this video was a real tribute to the studio. I wanted to see clips from the many classic movies they produced and/or distributed. I wanted to see clips from The Adventures of Robin Hood and High Sierra. I wanted to see clips from such classic cartoons as "What's Opera, Doc?" and "One Froggy Evening." I wanted to see clips from such TV shows as Maverick and 77 Sunset Strip. I wanted to see clips from Warner Bros.' history. As much as I love The Wizard of Oz and Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory, they are only movies that Warner Bros. currently owns, and as such are not a major part of the studio's history. Warner Bros. did not produce them and did not originally distribute them. Indeed, while I think Louis B. Mayer would probably get a big laugh out of the video, I think Jack Warner (and probably the other Warner brothers as well) would be furious. Honestly, I think Warner Bros. should create another video that truly acknowledges the studio's history. This one really doesn't.

Tuesday, March 14, 2023

The Academy Needs to Get the Oscars On-Air In Memoriam Right

The 95th Academy Awards were held this past Sunday and, as usual, film buffs are divided on whether it was good or not. Everyone seems to agree upon one thing though, that the on-air In Memoriam segment left a lot to be desired. Quite simply, it omitted far too many people, including many that one would have thought would have been guaranteed to have been included the In Memoriam.

Indeed, legendary actress Marsha Hunt, who appeared in Pride and Prejudice (1940) and Raw Deal (1948), did not make the cut. Robert Morse had a career on stage, in television, and in film. He appeared in such movies as The Loved One (1965) and How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying (1967). Despite this, he did not appear in the In Memoriam. Paul Sorvino had a career that spanned over fifty years and appeared in such films as The Brinks Job (1978), Goodfellas (1990), and The Rocketeer (1991). Apparently this was not enough to warrant being included in the In Memoriam. Cindy Williams was best known for television's Laverne & Shirley, but she appeared in movies as well, including the classics American Graffiti (1973) and The Conversation (1974). This wasn't enough for her to be included in the In Memoriam. The list of individuals who were excluded from the 95th Academy Awards' In Memoriam segment is not a short one. Among others, Ricou Browning, Pat Carroll, Kevin Conroy, Carole Cook, Melinda Dillon, Bert I. Gordon, Gilbert Gottried, Anne Heche, Marsha Hunt, Leslie Jordan, Yvette Mimieux, Stella Stevens, Topol, and Fred Ward were all omitted. I am sure there were others which I might have missed, for which I apologize.

The In Memoriam segment of this Sunday's Oscars was met with anger from film buffs almost immediately, and in one instance the family of one of those omitted. Dee Dee Sorvino, widow of Paul Sorvino was upset that he was omitted from the In Memoriam, and even demanded an apology that he was left out. His daughter Mira Sorvino said she was "hurt and shocked" that her father was left out of the In Memoriam and also said, "It is baffling beyond belief that my beloved father and many other amazing brilliant departed actors were left out." I can fully sympathize with both Dee Dee Sorvino and Mira Sorvino's pain at Paul Sorvino being omitted from the In Memoriam.

It was in 2019 that my dearest friend Vanessa Marquez was omitted from the on-air In Memoriam segment, despite a petition demanding her inclusion that reached over 12,000 signatures, as well as letters, at least one from an Academy member, asking that she be included. To say that I was angry and hurt would be an understatement. I am still angry and hurt. Of course, The Academy has omitted bigger names than Vanessa both before and since 2019. Believe it or not, over the years such legends as James Arness, Michael Gough, Andy Griffith, Ann Rutherford, Robert Vaughn, Barbara Hale, Adam West, Stanley Donen, Abe Vigoda, Aretha Franklin, Julie Adams, Honor Blackman, Adam Schlesinger, Ed Asner, and Michael Nesmith have been omitted from the In Memoriam segment, Here I must stress that this is a short list. A list of every single well known actor, director, writer, and composer omitted from the Oscars on-air In Memoriam would be much, much longer.

Now in past years the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences has included a more comprehensive In Memoriam on the website (in 2019 Vanessa was included in this). And this year they had a QR code on the screen which one could scan to their phone and be taken to a place where they could watch a longer, more inclusive In Memoriam video. The problem I have with both of these is that it is not the same as being featured in the In Memoriam segment aired during the ceremony. As both a fan of many omitted from the In Memoriam over the years and the close friend of one of those omitted, I can safely say that we want to see our favourites honoured during the broadcast.

Of course, as much as film buffs might want to blame the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for the many omissions in the In Memoriam segment over the years, they are not the only ones to blame. ABC is also a culprit. For years ABC has insisted that the Oscars ceremony be shorter, this despite the fact that the one thing that film buffs have never complained about is the length of the ceremony. Indeed, it was ABC who insisted that the Academy cut eight categories from the ceremony last year, angering both the industry and film buffs.  Because ABC insists that the ceremony be shorter, I have no doubt that the Academy feels it has to keep the In Memoriam segment as brief as possible. I have two thoughts about this. First, the Academy Awards ceremony is the Super Bowl for film buffs. If ABC had the Super Bowl, I have to suspect that they would not insist the game be shorter. In insisting that the ceremony be shorter, ABC is then showing disrespect to the Oscars' core audience. Second, if the Academy feels it has to cut time somewhere, the In Memoriam segment is not the place to do it. The In Memoriam should be of such a length that it includes every single artist who has died in the past year. TCM Remembers runs about four to five minutes and manages to include nearly everyone, although honestly I wouldn't mind if the Oscars In Memoriam ran ten minutes. ABC needs to realize that the core audience for the Oscars are film buffs and we don't care how long the ceremony is and we don't care how long the In Memoriam is. In fact, we'd prefer a longer In Memoriam segment that includes everyone to a shorter one that omits beloved stars, Indeed, people have been complaining about omissions in the In Memoriam segment for literally years. The very fact that her Stand and Deliver (1988) co-star Lydia Nicole felt the need to create a petition to include Vanessa in the on-air Oscars In Memoriam shows how badly the Academy has been omitting individuals from the segment.

In the end, both ABC and the Academy of Motion Arts and Sciences should realize that the In Memoriam segment is not for the Academy's members and it certainly isn't for the broadcast network. It is for the fans and loved ones of those who have died in the past year. It is an opportunity for film buffs to say goodbye to the stars they love. To omit beloved stars is not only an insult to those stars, but an insult to their fans and loved ones as well. ABC and the Academy need to start treating the In Memoriam segment with the seriousness it deserves.

Monday, March 13, 2023

Academy Awards 2023

Last year was the first year in decades that I did not watch the Academy Awards. Under pressure from ABC, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences cut eight categories (Sound, Film Editing, Makeup and Hairstyling, Original Score, Production Design, Documentary Short, Animated Short, and Live Action Short) from the live ceremony. This was the final straw for me, after years of the Academy omitting beloved stars from the on-air In Memoriam, including my dearest Vanessa Marquez despite a petition to include her with thousands of signatures. This year the Academy restored the eight categories to the live ceremony, so I decided to watch, even though I knew I would probably be angered by the In Memoriam (more on that in a bit).

For the most part I enjoyed this year's Academy Awards ceremony, although I thought Jimmy Kimmel, who is usually quite funny, was unfunny for the most part. Indeed, some of his remarks were simply clueless. He acknowledged the return of eight categories to the live ceremony, which he attributed to protests from the film industry. In actuality, I think film buffs protested more than the film industry and many, like me, boycotted the ceremony last year because those categories were cut. Worse yet, Jimmy Kimmel began joking about the length of the ceremony before even an hour had passed. I think I can speak for many film buffs when I say that we really don't care how long the ceremony is and we have largely resented ABC and the Academy's attempts to make it shorter. Perhaps the low point for Mr. Kimmel was when he made a "joke" about Robert Blake being excluded or included from the In Memoriam. I personally thought the remark was both insensitive and in poor taste. Regardless of what Robert Blake may or may not have done, his death is very recent. His family is still grieving. I hate to think how his family felt hearing that "joke."

Fortunately, last night's presenters were much better than Jimmy Kimmel was. A lot of love was given to the craft categories, I am guessing because the Academy cut them from the live ceremony last year. Perhaps the most entertaining of the presenters was director Elizabeth Banks. Having directed the movie Cocaine Bear (2023), she presented the award for Visual Effects alongside a person in a bear suit. Never mind that the situation was funny in and of itself, Miss Banks was funny herself. Honestly, I wouldn't mind if she hosted the Oscars next year.

The acceptance speeches on last night's Oscars were also quite good. Ke Huy Quan, who won Best Supporting Actor for Everything Everywhere All at Once (2022), gave a very touching speech, and  noted that his mother was watching at home. He held up his Oscar, saying "Mom, I just won an Oscar!" Jamie Lee Curtis, who won Best Supporting Actress for Everything Everywhere All at Once (2022), praised the fans of her genre movies and remarked "We just won an Oscar." Both Brendan Fraser (who won for Best Actor for The Whale) and Michelle Yeoh (who won Best Actress for Everything Everywhere All at Once) both gave very touching speeches. Here I have to point out that Michelle Yeoh's win last night was historic. She is the first woman of Asian descent to ever win the Oscar for Best Actress. 

When compared to last year, the In Memoriam segment was much better staged. with Lenny Kravitz performing his song "Calling All Angels." Unfortunately, the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences seem to have omitted more beloved actors and actresses this year than ever. Among the most glaring omissions was Paul Sorvino, whose career spanned over fifty years. Many of his fans (including myself) were not happy with the Academy for omitting him. Both his daughter Mira Sorvino and his widow Dee Sorvino have made their disappointment in the Academy clear. One would think if anyone would be included in the In Memoriam, it would be Paul Sorvino. Also omitted was Cindy Williams. While she may be best known for the TV series Laverne & Shirley, she appeared in several movies, including the classics  American Graffiti (1973) and The Conversation (1974). Several others were omitted from the In Memoriam, so many I don't think I can name them all. I apologize in advance for missing anyone. Anyway, also omitted from the In Memoriam were Ricou Browning, Pat Carroll, Kevin Conroy, Carole Cook, Melinda Dillon, Bert I. Gordon, Gilbert Gottried, Anne Heche, Marsha Hunt, Leslie Jordan, Yvette Mimieux, Robert Morse, Stella Stevens, Topol, and Fred Ward.

The omissions of Paul Sorvino and Cindy Williams particularly anger me, and having had someone I love omitted from the Oscars in the past I can fully sympathize with their families and friends. What the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences should realize is that the In Memoriam isn't simply for the Academy, it is for the families, friends, and even fans of those who have passed. When I watch the In Memoriam on the Oscars, I want to see very single actor, actress, director, et. al. that I admire who has died. I am really not concerned with how long the In Memoriam is, and I don't think anyone except ABC and the Academy are.

Aside from the omissions from the In Memoriam, one other thing angered me at last night's ceremony. The orchestra played off several winners before they could even begin to complete their acceptance speeches. Indeed, Judy Chin, one of the winners of the Oscar for Best Makeup and Hairstyling for The Whale (2022), just got up to the mic when she was played off. Her co-winner, Annemarie Bradley didn't get to say anything. Speaking as someone who has watched the majority of Academy Awards ceremonies for the past forty years, I am really not worried about how long acceptance speeches are. In fact, I want to hear them. I was then disappointed that Miss Chin and others were played off before they could say anything.

Here I hope I don't sound overly negative. For the most part I enjoyed last night's ceremony. That having been said, the Academy has quite a bit of room for improvement. They really should make sure that whoever they get to host is actually funny, and knows and understand the fans watching at home. They shouldn't be joking about how long the ceremony is or making tasteless jokes about someone who has recently died. The In Memoriam should be longer and more inclusive. I really don't care if it runs 10 minutes, as long as it includes every star I love who has died.. When someone as famous and beloved as Paul Sorvino has died, make certain to include him in the In Memoriam. Winners should be allowed to make their acceptance speeches without fear of being played off. And, finally, don't worry about how long the ceremony is. I think I can speak for most film buffs when I say we don't care how long it. This is our Super Bowl. Treat it as such.

Saturday, March 11, 2023

The Late Great Topol

Topol, who played milkman Tevye in both the stage and film versions of Fiddler on the Roof (1971) and Dr. Hans Zarkov in the movie Flash Gordon (1980), died on March 8 2023 at the age of 87 after a long illness.

Chaim Topol was born on September 9 1935 in Tel Aviv, Mandatory Palestine. It was his elementary teacher, acclaimed children's author Yemima Avidar-Tchernovitz, who discovered his theatrical side and encouraged him to pursue the performing arts. As a teenager he worked at the newspaper Davar while taking high school classes at night. After graduating high school he lived in Kibbutz Geva. Afterwards he enlisted in the Israeli army, where he became a member of the Nahal entertainment troupe. Once his service was over, Topol performed throughout Israel with a kibbutz theatre group founded by he and his friends in 1957.

It was in 1964 that Topol made his film debut in I Like Mike in 1961. In the Sixties he appeared in the movies El Dorado (1963), Sallah Shabati (1964), Cast a Giant Shadow (1966), Ervinka (1967), and Before Winter Comes (1968). It was in 1966 that he first played Tevye the Dairyman in the Israeli production of Fiddler on the Roof. In 1967 he played the role on the West End of London. He would play the role several more times in his career.

In the Seventies Topol produced the Broadway play Ipi-Tombi. He appeared in the films Ha-Tarnegol (1971), Fiddler on the Roof (1971), Follow Me (1972), A Talent for Loving (1973), Galileo (1975), and Flash Gordon (1980). In the Eighties he appeared on television in the mini-series The Winds of War, Queenie, and War and Remembrance. He guest starred on the show Tales of Remembrance. He appeared in the movies For Your Eyes Only (1981) and Roman Behemshechim (1985). He reprised his role as Tevye in a West End production of Fiddler on the Roof and a touring production of the musical in the United States.

In the Nineties he appeared several times in Fiddler on the Roof, on Broadway, in a touring production in the United States, and at the Regent Theatre in Melbourne. He guest starred on the show SeaQuest DSV and appeared in the film Left Luggage (1998). He continued to appear in productions of Fiddler on the Roof in the Naughts.

Topol also illustrated several books in both Hebrew and English, and produced drawings of important Israeli figures. He wrote his autobiography, Topol on Topol, and the books To Life! and Topol's Treasury of Jewish Humour.

Topol was an incredible talent. He was a relatively young man when he played Tevye in the Sixties and in the 1971 film version, but he was utterly convincing as the middle-aged milkman. What is more he was versatile. The eccentric Dr. Zarkov in Flash Gordon (1980) couldn't have been more different from Tevye. He was also convincing as the legendary scientist Galileo Galilei in Galileo (1975). In Follow Me (1972), he played detective Julian Cristoforou, who refuses to give up on a case even after the person he is tailing realizes he is doing so. While there can be no doubt that Topol will be best remembered as Tevye in Fiddler on the Roof, he played a wide variety of roles in his career and gave great performances in all of them.

Friday, March 10, 2023

The 25th Anniversary of Netflix Sending Out Its First DVD

Today is my birthday. It was also on March 10 1998 that Netflix sent out its first DVD. For those of you who think of Netflix as a streaming service, it originated as a company that rented DVDs through the mail. It was a good time for such a company. DVD player ownership was growing in the late Nineties and would continue to do so in the Naughts.

Netflix was founded on August 29 1997 by Marc Randolph and Reed Hastings. As mentioned above, it sent out its first DVD on March 10 1998. As to what that DVD was, it was Beetlejuice (1998). The person who rented that first historic DVD is unknown. It was in 1999 that Netflix introduced monthly subscriptions, whereby one could rent several DVDs for a low monthly fee. Netflix grew very quickly in the Naughts. By February 2007 it had sent out its billionth DVD (the movie Babel from 2006).

It was also in 2007 that Netflix launched its streaming service. In fact, it was announced on January 15. Originally, if one was subscribed to the DVD service, then one was also subscribed to the streaming service. This changed in the mid-Teens, when the two services were finally separated, although both retained the Netflix name. Netflix still sends DVDs through the mail, through their site

While I no longer subscribe to Netflix's DVD service, I was a subscriber for well over a decade. Through its DVD service I was able to watch the entire run of the obscure TVseries Nowhere Man and re-watch the TV series Crime Story. I am not sure how many movies I discovered through Netflix, but it was quite a few. There are those who keep announcing the death of physical media, although I personally think such pronouncements are greatly exaggerated. Aside from myself, I know many who still use physical media. In fact, if I made more money I would probably still subscribe to Netflix DVD. The plain fact is that any streaming service is somewhat limited in what it has to offer, but Netflix DVD still has thousands of DVDs available. What is more, while most streaming services will offer only mainstream movies, one can get very obscure movies through Netflix DVD. It is then my hope that Netflix will still continue sending out DVDs for another 25 years and more.

Thursday, March 9, 2023

Godspeed Bert I. Gordon, Mr. B.I.G.

Producer and director Bert I. Gordon, nicknamed "Mr. B.I.G." by sci-fi legend Forrest Ackerman both due to his initials and the frequent subject matter of his movies, died on March 8 2023 at the age of 100. Throughout his career he produced, wrote, and directed such low-budget sci-fi films as The Amazing Colossal Man (1957) and Earth vs. the Spider (1958).

Bert I. Gordon was born on September 24 2022 in Kenosha, Wisconsin. He was given his first camera when he was only nine years old and became fascinated with visual effects. His aunt gave him a 16mm movie camera when he was 13 and he was soon making his own amateur films. He served in the Army Air Forces during World War II. He graduated from the University of Wisconsin.

Bert I. Gordon made television commercials before producing the movie Serpent Island (1954). The first film produced, written, and directed by Bert I. Gordon was King Dinosaur (1955). The film only had a budget of $18,000 and its "dinosaur" was merely an iguana. In the Fifties Bert I. Gordon would produce, write, and direct other low budget movies, including Beginning of the End (1957), The Cyclops (1957), The Amazing Colossal Man (1957), Attack of the Puppet People (1958), War of the Colossal Beast (1958), Earth vs. the Spider (1958), The Boy and the Pirates (1960), and Tormented (1960).

The Sixties saw Bert I. Gordon produce and direct two television pilots: Famous Ghost Stories and Take Me to Your Leader. He made the movies The Magic Sword (1962), Village of the Giants (1965), Picture Mommy Dead (1966), and How to Succeed with Sex (1970). In the Seventies he made the movies Necromancy (1972), The Mad Bomber (1973), The Food of the Gods (1976), and Empire of the Ants (1977). In the Eighties he made the films Burned at the Stake (1982), Let's Do It! (1982), The Big Bet (1987), and Satan's Princess (1989). His final film was Secrets of a Psychopath in 2015.

Many directors are called "auteurs," but Bert I. Gordon truly was one. He not only produce, directed, and often wrote his movies, but he even provided the special effects on many of them. What is more, his movies were often a family affair. His wife Flora often helped him with the visual effects. His daughter, actress Susan Gordon, appeared in this films Attack of the Puppet People (1958), The Boy and the Pirates (1960), Tormented (1960), and Picture Mommy Dead (1966). Although he was best known for his giant animal movies, Bert I. Gordon actually directed movies in a variety of genres, including supernatural horror, fantasy, psychological thriller, action, and even sex comedy. What is more, he was responsive to trend. In the Fifties, when the fear of nuclear annihilation resulted in a slough of movies about giant monsters, he made movies featuring oversized critters. In the Sixties, when fantasy movies were popular he directed The Magic Sword. The Seventies saw Satanic horror and action movies were all the rage, he directed the films Necromancy and The Mad Bomber. Bert I.Gordon's films weren't known for their quality--the budgets were tiny and the special effects were often cheesy--but they were nearly always entertaining.

Wednesday, March 8, 2023

Actress Sara Lane Passes On

Sara Lane, who played one of the two prank callers on William Castle's I Saw What You Did (1965) and Elizabeth Grainger on the TV series The Virginian, died on March 3 2023 from breast cancer.

Sara Lane was born on March 12 1949 in New York City. Her parents were actor Russell "Rusty" Lane, who appeared in the boxing movie The Harder They Fall (1956), and actor Sara Anderson, who appeared on several TV shows as well as I Saw What You Did (1965) along with her daughter. The family moved to California when Sara Lane was 12 and she graduated from Santa Monica High School.

Sara Lane's career in entertainment began early. She was a baby when she appeared in a soap commercial for television. When she was 12 she appeared in a vitamin commercial. She was cast in the movie I Saw What You Did (1965) when producer/director William Castle saw her picture in a newspaper as one of the Miss Los Angeles contestants. The following year she was cast as Elizabeth Grainger on The Virginian. Elizabeth was the granddaughter of the Shiloh Ranch's new owner, John Grainger (Charles Bickford). She remained on the show until 1970, when The Virginian was revamped. Using the stage name "Russell Lane" (Russell was her middle name), she appeared in the movies Schoolgirls in Chains (1973), The Trial of Billy Jack (1974), and Billy Jack Goes to Washington (1977).

She retired from acting in the late Seventies. In 1984 she and her husband John Scott were among the founders of Havens Winery 1984.

Sara Lane's career was brief and her appearances in film and television were few, but she displayed a good deal of talent. She was convincing as Kit Austin, one of the two prank callers whose calls get them in trouble in I Saw What You Did (1965). She also did quite a good job as Elizabeth on The Virginian, who loved life on the ranch and horses (something which was true of Miss Lane in real life--she had two horses when she was cast on The Virginian). Her career may not have been long, she gave performances that will be remembered.